How To Make Biryani Masala?

Looking to add a burst of flavor to your biryani? Learn how to make biryani masala from scratch and take your dish to the next level! With a blend of aromatic spices like cumin, coriander, and cardamom, this homemade masala will elevate the taste of your biryani to new heights. Whether you prefer a vegetarian or a meat-based biryani, this easy-to-follow recipe will guide you step-by-step in creating the perfect blend of spices.

Creating your own biryani masala allows you to customize the flavors to suit your taste preferences. You can adjust the heat level by adding more or less chili powder, and experiment with different spices like cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg to create your own unique blend. By making your own masala, you can ensure that your biryani is bursting with authentic flavors that cannot be matched by store-bought alternatives.

The process of making biryani masala is surprisingly simple. All you need is a handful of whole spices and a grinder or a blender. Toast the spices lightly to enhance their flavors, then grind them into a fine powder. The result is a fragrant and aromatic masala that will infuse your biryani with a depth of flavor that is unparalleled.

Not only does homemade biryani masala enhance the taste of your dish, but it also allows you to have control over the quality of ingredients

how to make biryani masala

Step-by-step Guide to Prepare Biryani Masala from Scratch

Biryani masala is the heart and soul of any delicious biryani dish. It is a blend of aromatic spices that adds a burst of flavor and aroma to the rice and meat. While store-bought biryani masala is readily available, nothing compares to the freshness and taste of making your own from scratch. In this section, we will take you through a step-by-step guide on how to prepare biryani masala at home.


  • 1 tablespoon cumin seeds
  • 1 tablespoon coriander seeds
  • 1 tablespoon fennel seeds
  • 1 tablespoon black peppercorns
  • 1 tablespoon cloves
  • 1 tablespoon green cardamom pods
  • 2 cinnamon sticks
  • 4 dried red chilies
  • 1 tablespoon turmeric powder
  • 1 tablespoon red chili powder
  • 1 tablespoon paprika
  • 1 tablespoon black cumin seeds (shahi jeera)
  • 1 tablespoon nutmeg powder
  • 1 tablespoon mace powder
  • 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves

Step 1: Dry Roast the Whole Spices

In a dry skillet or pan, add the cumin seeds, coriander seeds, fennel seeds, black peppercorns, cloves, green cardamom pods, cinnamon sticks, and dried red chilies. Over medium heat, gently toast the spices for a few minutes until they become fragrant. Stir continuously to prevent burning.

Step 2: Grind the Roasted Spices

Allow the roasted spices to cool down for a few minutes. Once cooled, transfer them into a spice grinder or blender. Grind the spices until you achieve a fine powder consistency.

Step 3: Add the Ground Spices

In a bowl, combine the ground spices with the turmeric powder, red chili powder, paprika, black cumin seeds, nutmeg powder, mace powder, and dried mint leaves. Mix well to ensure all the spices are evenly incorporated.

Step 4: Store the Biryani Masala

Transfer the prepared biryani masala into an airtight container. Make sure to store it in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. This will help preserve the freshness and flavor of the masala for a longer period.

Step 5: Using the Biryani Masala

To use the homemade biryani masala, simply add the desired amount to your biryani recipe during the cooking process. Adjust the quantity according to your taste preferences. The biryani masala will infuse your dish with its aromatic blend of spices, elevating the flavors to a whole new level.

In summary, preparing biryani masala from scratch is a rewarding endeavor that allows you to customize the blend of spices according to your taste. By following this step-by-step guide, you can create a fragrant and flavorsome masala that will make your homemade biryani truly exceptional.

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Tips to Enhance the Flavor and Aroma of Biryani Masala

Biryani is a flavorful and aromatic dish that is loved by many. The key to a delicious biryani lies in the masala, which is a blend of various spices and herbs. If you want to take your biryani to the next level, here are some tips to enhance the flavor and aroma of your biryani masala:

1. Use Fresh and Quality Spices

The quality of spices used in the masala greatly affects the flavor of the biryani. It is crucial to use fresh and high-quality spices to ensure the best taste. Invest in whole spices and grind them at home for a more intense aroma. Avoid using stale spices as they can give a dull taste to the masala.

2. Toast the Spices

Toasting the spices before grinding them can significantly enhance their flavor. Dry roast the whole spices in a pan over low heat until they become fragrant. This process releases the essential oils in the spices, resulting in a richer and more aromatic masala.

3. Balance the Spice Levels

The perfect biryani masala should have a balanced blend of spices. Experiment with different ratios of spices to achieve the right balance of heat, sweetness, and aroma. Common spices used in biryani masala include cumin, coriander, cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, and nutmeg.

4. Add Aromatic Herbs

In addition to spices, aromatic herbs can also elevate the flavor of the biryani masala. Fresh cilantro, mint leaves, and curry leaves add freshness and depth to the masala. Chop these herbs finely and add them towards the end of the cooking process for maximum flavor.

5. Include Bay Leaves and Star Anise

Bay leaves and star anise are two ingredients that bring a unique flavor to the biryani masala. These spices contribute a subtle sweetness and earthiness to the dish. Add a couple of bay leaves and a few star anise pods to the masala for a distinctive taste.

6. Infuse Saffron

Saffron is a luxurious spice that imparts a beautiful golden color and a delicate flavor to biryani. Soak a few strands of saffron in warm milk or water and drizzle it over the rice layers while assembling the biryani. This will infuse the entire dish with a subtle saffron aroma.

7. Allow the Masala to Rest

After preparing the biryani masala, let it rest for some time to allow the flavors to meld together. This resting period enables the spices and herbs to release their aromatic oils, resulting in a more flavorful masala. You can refrigerate the masala overnight for even better results.

8. Cook the Biryani Slowly

The cooking process is equally important to develop the flavors of the masala. Cook the biryani on low heat, allowing the masala to simmer and the spices to infuse into the rice and meat. Slow cooking ensures that all the flavors are well incorporated, resulting in a mouthwatering biryani.

9. Garnish with Fried Onions and Nuts

The final touch to a delectable biryani is the garnish. Fry thinly sliced onions until they turn golden brown and crispy. Sprinkle these fried onions over the biryani before serving. Additionally, roasted nuts like cashews and almonds can also add a crunchy texture and enhance the aroma.

In summary, by using fresh spices, toasting them, balancing the spice levels, adding aromatic herbs, including bay leaves and star anise, infusing saffron, allowing the masala to rest, cooking slowly, and garnishing with fried onions and nuts, you can enhance the flavor and aroma of your biryani masala. These tips will help you create a truly tantalizing biryani that will impress your family and friends.

Different Variations of Biryani Masala for Vegetarian and Non-Vegetarian Dishes

Biryani is a popular and flavorful rice dish that originated in the Indian subcontinent. It is known for its aromatic spices, fragrant rice, and tender meat or vegetables. One of the key components of a delicious biryani is the masala, a blend of spices that adds depth and richness to the dish. While there are numerous variations of biryani masala, we will focus on the different variations for vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes.

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Vegetarian Biryani Masala

For vegetarian biryanis, the masala is typically made using a combination of aromatic spices and herbs. Here are a few variations of biryani masala specifically tailored for vegetarian dishes:

  1. Traditional Biryani Masala: This masala is made by grinding together a blend of whole spices such as cinnamon, cloves, cardamom, star anise, and bay leaves. It infuses the biryani with a rich and warm flavor.
  2. Garam Masala Biryani: Garam masala is a fragrant spice blend commonly used in Indian cuisine. For this variation, garam masala is added to the traditional biryani masala to enhance the overall taste and aroma of the dish.
  3. Herb-infused Biryani Masala: To add a fresh and herbaceous note to the biryani, herbs like mint and coriander leaves are finely chopped and mixed with the traditional masala. This variation adds a burst of freshness to the dish.
  4. Vegetable-specific Biryani Masala: Depending on the vegetables used in the biryani, specific spices can be added to enhance their flavors. For example, adding cumin and turmeric to a vegetable biryani can complement the taste of potatoes and peas.

Non-Vegetarian Biryani Masala

For non-vegetarian biryanis, the masala takes on a different flavor profile to complement the meat or poultry used in the dish. Here are a few variations of biryani masala specifically designed for non-vegetarian dishes:

  1. Chicken Biryani Masala: This masala is specifically created to enhance the flavor of chicken biryani. It typically includes spices like red chili powder, coriander powder, and a hint of turmeric.
  2. Mutton Biryani Masala: Mutton biryani requires a bold and robust masala to bring out the natural flavors of the meat. This variation commonly includes spices like black cardamom, black pepper, and nutmeg.
  3. Seafood Biryani Masala: Seafood biryani calls for a delicate and aromatic masala that enhances the taste of the seafood without overpowering it. This variation often includes spices like fennel seeds, ginger, and garlic.
  4. Egg Biryani Masala: Eggs are a popular addition to biryanis, and the masala for egg biryani complements the mild flavor of eggs. This variation may include spices like cinnamon, cloves, and green chili for a subtle kick.

In summary, biryani masala plays a crucial role in enhancing the flavors of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian biryanis. Whether it’s the warm and aromatic spice blend for vegetarian biryani or the bold and robust masala for non-vegetarian biryani, the choice of spices can elevate the taste of the dish. Experimenting with different variations of biryani masala can help you create a biryani that suits your tastes and preferences.

Storage and Shelf Life of Homemade Biryani Masala

Homemade biryani masala is a blend of aromatic spices that adds a burst of flavor to your biryani dishes. Making your own biryani masala allows you to have control over the quality and freshness of the spices used. However, it is essential to store the homemade masala properly to maintain its flavor and potency over time.

Storage Tips

Here are some storage tips to ensure the longevity of your homemade biryani masala:

  1. Airtight Container: Transfer the freshly prepared biryani masala to an airtight container. The container should be made of glass or food-grade plastic to prevent the spices from interacting with the air, moisture, or light.
  2. Cool and Dark Place: Store the container in a cool and dark place, preferably in a pantry or cupboard away from direct sunlight. Exposure to heat and light can cause the spices to lose their flavor and aroma quickly.
  3. Avoid Moisture: Keep the biryani masala away from moisture as it can lead to the formation of clumps and spoilage. Moisture can also cause the spices to lose their potency and become less flavorful.
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By following these storage tips, you can extend the shelf life of your homemade biryani masala and enjoy its authentic flavor for a longer duration.

Shelf Life

The shelf life of homemade biryani masala depends on various factors, including the quality of the spices used and the storage conditions. On average, properly stored homemade biryani masala can retain its flavor and potency for up to 6 to 12 months.

Over time, spices gradually lose their intensity and freshness. It is recommended to label the container with the preparation date to keep track of its shelf life. As the masala ages, its aroma and flavor may diminish, but it can still be used to enhance the taste of your biryani dishes.

Signs of Spoilage

It is crucial to inspect the biryani masala before using it, especially if it has been stored for a while. Here are some signs of spoilage to watch out for:

  • Change in Aroma: If the masala emits a musty or unpleasant odor, it may indicate spoilage. Freshly ground spices should have a strong and aromatic fragrance.
  • Clumping: Moisture or improper storage conditions can cause the spices to clump together. If you notice lumps or a hardened texture, it is best to discard the masala.
  • Change in Color: Spices that have faded in color or appear dull may have lost their potency and flavor.

If you observe any of these signs, it is advisable to replace your homemade biryani masala with a fresh batch to ensure the best taste and quality of your biryani dishes.


Proper storage is vital for maintaining the flavor and aroma of homemade biryani masala. Transfer the masala to an airtight container, store it in a cool and dark place, and keep it away from moisture. The shelf life of biryani masala is approximately 6 to 12 months, but it may vary depending on storage conditions. Inspect the masala for any signs of spoilage before using it in your dishes. Enjoy the authentic flavors of biryani with your homemade masala!


1. How to make biryani masala?

To make biryani masala, grind together spices like cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, cumin seeds, coriander seeds, fennel seeds, black peppercorns, and dried red chilies. You can also add nutmeg, star anise, and mace for additional flavor. Store the masala in an airtight container for future use.

2. What spices are commonly used in biryani masala?

Common spices used in biryani masala include cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, cumin seeds, coriander seeds, fennel seeds, black peppercorns, and dried red chilies. Optional spices like nutmeg, star anise, and mace can also be added for extra flavor.

3. Can I customize the biryani masala to my taste?

Absolutely! You can adjust the quantity of spices in the biryani masala according to your taste preferences. Feel free to experiment with different combinations and proportions to create your perfect blend of flavors.


In conclusion, making your own biryani masala at home is a rewarding and flavorful experience. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can create a unique blend of spices that will elevate your biryani to the next level. Experiment with different ratios and ingredients to find the perfect balance of flavors for your taste. Making biryani masala from scratch allows you to control the quality and freshness of the ingredients, ensuring a more authentic and aromatic dish. So, next time you crave a delicious biryani, don’t hesitate to whip up your own homemade masala for a truly memorable meal.

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